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Individual Counselling

My professional social work practice is integrative, trauma-informed, and holistic, combining elements of attachment-based and psychodynamic approaches. I also use tools and techniques found in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy and Mindfulness-based therapies.

Trauma-Informed Approach

Trauma-Focused Therapy is a specific approach to therapy that recognizes and emphasizes understanding how the traumatic experience impacts an individual’s mental, behavioural, emotional, physical, and spiritual well-being. 


This type of approach is rooted in understanding the connection between the trauma experience and the individual’s emotional and behavioural responses today. 


The purpose of trauma-focused therapy is to offer skills and strategies to assist the client in better understanding, coping with,  processing emotions and memories tied to traumatic experiences, with the end goal of creating a healthier and more adaptive meaning of the experience that took place in the client’s life.

Therapy session

Attachment-Based Approach

Attachment-Based Therapy is a type of therapy where the social worker or therapist will educate the client on attachment theory and help them apply the theory to their own lives. Social Workers guide clients through examining their relationship patterns and teach them ways to develop a more secure attachment to their loved ones.


The focus of Attachment Based Therapy is to understand the connection between a person's early attachment during infantry, and their primary caregivers. This connection leads to how a person will develop, and if they're able to form healthy emotional and physical relationships later on in life as an adult. When a caregiver is neglectful or gives unreliable care, it creates a feeling of separation and trauma for the child that can eventually lead to attachment issues. 


The end goal of this therapy is to explore early connections and aim to help the client build strong, supportive, and trusting relationships. 

Image by Kelly Sikkema

Psychodynamic Approach

The root of psychodynamic theory is to link any behavioural patterns and reactions that a person has in the present to their developmental history and early attachments.


 A psychodynamic approach in social work counselling includes describing the primary patterns and problems that a client has, reviewing the client’s developmental history, and linking the patterns to the client’s history.

Image by Christina @

Systems Approach

A system’s approach is the idea that human beings exist as part of a complex system rather than an individual who acts in isolation. We ourselves are systems that are part of larger systems, each having an influence on each other. 


In this theory, behaviour is influenced by a variety of factors that work together as a system. These factors include family, friends, social settings, religious structure, economic class and home environment, which can all influence how individuals act and think.


Social workers using systems theory will work to understand how their clients are influenced by the systems they’re a part of. Social workers then identify where systemic breakdowns are affecting behaviour. 

Therapy session
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